Fadia El Bitar
King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre Saudi Arabia
Faida El Bitar is the professor in the Department of Genetics at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Saudi Arabia. She is currently working in the Alzheimers project.
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly. The toxicity of b-amyloid (Ab) peptides is thought to be involved in neuronal damage in this pathology. Multiple studies focused on role of neuroprotective molecules to attenuate the toxic consequences of Ab peptides in the development of AD.
In the present work, our objective is to investigate in vitro if PAC which is the synthetic analogue of curcumin displays neuroprotective activity against Ab peptide-induced neurotoxicity, using rat neuroblastoma B104 as cell culture model. Our results showed that PAC is not neurotoxic per se. In addition, PAC showed a striking neurotrophic activity in cells cultured at low density. This neuronal outgrowth increases importantly with increasing days of culture starting from 2 folds increase at day 2 to 3 folds increase at day 5. The number of neurites per cell rises also in presence of PAC.
Most importantly, we demonstrate the capacity of PAC to correct sAb25-35 neurotoxicity. The percentage of cell viability increases significantly by PAC at 0.5µM in presence of sAb 25-35 compared to that in presence of the peptide alone .Interestingly, our neurotrophic and neuroprotection studies showed the PAC was 20 times more efficient than curcumin. Both PAC and curcumin displayed an effect on cell-cell interaction.
Thus, our results revealed neuroprotective properties of PAC against Ab peptide. The continuity in examining the mechanism(s) underlying PAC activity is promising towards identifying efficient therapy for AD.